In 1941, the U.S. declared war on Germany and Italy. In 1972, a manned NASA space mission landed on the moon for the last time. In 1997, the Kyoto Protocol, which set emissions targets to fight global climate change, was adopted in Japan. In 2008, investment banker Bernie Madoff was arrested for perpetrating one of the largest Ponzi scheme-style frauds in U.S. history.
Hector Berlioz (1803-69), composer; Fiorello La Guardia (1882-1947), New York City mayor; Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn (1918-2008), novelist/dissident; Rita Moreno (1931- ), actress; John Kerry (1943- ), politician/diplomat; Teri Garr (1947?- ), actress; Mo'Nique (1967- ), actress; Mos Def (1973- ), actor/rapper; Hailee Steinfeld (1996- ), actress
In 2000, Alex Rodriguez was awarded a then-record $252-million contract with the Texas Rangers.
At 12 days, Apollo 17, the final NASA moon landing mission, was the longest manned lunar landing flight.
"For a country to have a great writer is like having a second government. That is why no regime has ever loved great writers, only minor ones." – Alexandr Solzhenitsyn