In 1861, President Abraham Lincoln signed the Revenue Act, which imposed the first income tax in U.S. history in order to fund the Civil War. In 1962, Marilyn Monroe was found dead in her Los Angeles home. In 1981, President Ronald Reagan began to fire striking air-traffic controllers for violating his order to return to work.
Guy de Maupassant (1850-93), novelist/writer; John Huston (1906-87), director; Neil Armstrong (1930-2012), astronaut; Loni Anderson (1945- ), actress; Patrick Ewing (1962- ), basketball player; Adam Yauch (1964-2012), rapper; Carl Crawford (1981- ), baseball player; Lolo Jones (1982- ), Olympic athlete; Federica Pellegrini (1988- ), Olympic swimmer
In 2013, Major League Baseball suspended 13 players, including Alex Rodriguez, for involvement in the Biogenesis doping scandal.
Norma Jean Baker began using the name Marilyn Monroe as early as 1946, but did not legally change it until 1956.
"Patriotism is a kind of religion; it is the egg from which wars are hatched." – Guy de Maupassant