In 1803, the territory covered by the Louisiana Purchase was formally transferred to the United States from France. In 1860, South Carolina seceded from the U.S. In 1941, with his army under pressure on the Russian front, Adolf Hitler ordered "no retreat." In 1989, the U.S. invaded Panama to overthrow dictator Manuel Noriega in Operation Just Cause.
Harvey Firestone (1868-1938), business magnate; Branch Rickey (1881-1965), baseball executive; Irene Dunne (1898-1990), actress; Dick Wolf (1946- ), TV producer; Alan Parsons (1948- ), musician; Sandra Cisneros (1954- ), writer; Billy Bragg (1957- ), singer/songwriter; David Cook (1982- ), singer; David Wright (1982- ), baseball player; Jonah Hill (1983- ), actor
In 1946, boxer Sugar Ray Robinson won the welterweight crown by a unanimous decision over Tommy Bell.
The U.S. turned over all parts of the Panama Canal—including its supporting areas and military bases—to Panama on December 31, 1999.
"Fighting, to me, seems barbaric... I really don't like it... I enjoy out-thinking another man and out-maneuvering him, but I still don't like to fight." – Sugar Ray Robinson
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