In 1872, Pinkney Benton Stewart Pinchback became the first black governor in the U.S. when he was named acting governor of Louisiana. In 1941, the U.S. declared war on Germany and Italy. In 2008, investment banker Bernie Madoff was arrested for perpetrating one of the largest-scale Ponzi-scheme style frauds in U.S. history.
Hector Berlioz (1803-1869), composer; Fiorello La Guardia (1882-1947), New York City mayor; Alexandr Solzhenitsyn (1918-2008), novelist/dissident; Rita Moreno (1931- ), actress; John Kerry (1943- ), senator; Teri Garr (1944?- ), actress; Mo'Nique (1967- ), actress; Mos Def (1973- ), actor/rapper; Hailee Steinfeld, (1996- ), actress.
In 2009, pro-golfer Tiger Woods announced he was taking "an indefinite break" from the sport due to chaos in his personal life.
“For a country to have a great writer is like having a second government. That is why no regime has ever loved great writers, only minor ones.” – Alexandr Solzhenitsyn
After Pinkney Benton Stewart Pinchback was appointed acting governor of Louisiana, it would be more than a hundred years before the first black elected governor, Lawrence Douglas Wilder of Virginia, took office in 1990.
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